Doping, prohibited sports Substances
– Doping is the use of drugs and narcotics in various sports, which harm the body and are often fatal.
– Such stimulants are not only used by athletes, but they are also used in frontal battles.
Such stimulants are also used by the sick, the elderly, the exhausted, and so on.
– According to some records, this type of “medicine” was also used by the participants of the Olympic Games of Greek antiquity. Doping in sports first began to be exploited in 1603 and then in 1666 in a London hippodrome, when 8 horsemen were convicted and executed by hanging, because horses were given reasons, chemicals, which increased speed. and the aggressiveness of the saddle horse.
– Modern times, especially sports, require great sacrifices from the individual, where his main goal is to win at all costs. To achieve this goal, the means are not selected, therefore anabolic, i.e. drugs are used.
– Doping is often used in cycling and the suction effect is mostly used. It is suspected that the driver of the “1” formula, Niki Lauda used the same preparations.
Such consequences have also been observed in Helsinki, at the 1952 Olympic Games, where the cleaners of the Olympic Village found syringes, various tablets, and so on.
Preventive measures to stop Doping.
– Preventive measures to stop doping are early. The scientific demonstration of doping was carried out in 1910, in Austria.
– The suspicion that some footballers of some teams have exploited doping (1955) in Switzerland, a phenomenon that continued in Sweden (1958) and the World Cup in January (1962) made the anti-doping control as rigorous and efficient as possible.
– In particular, the success of the war on drugs resonated in 1967 with the formation of the Medical Committee of the Olympic Committee (JOC), which for the first time had begun practical work at the Olympic Games in Grenoble and Mexico.
– From the 1968 Olympic Games in Mexico, according to a KO decision, athletes who are found to have consumed doping not only withdrew from the competition, but were punished and permanently excluded from sports competitions.
– Strict medical control is practiced to prevent the consumption of these stimulants. This control is applied by taking the urine of competitors analyzed in special laboratories.
– In all these sports activities it is more than necessary, among other things, the commitment of the psychologist, not only for research and psychological measurements, but also for the creation of a healthy personality of the athlete.
– Stimulants (eg amphetamines) are substances that increase alertness, reduce the feeling of fatigue and stimulate the athlete’s psychophysical readiness for competitions. Side effects of these substances are: anxiety and aggression, increased heart rate and blood pressure, dehydration, cardiac arrhythmia and myocardial infarction.
– Narcotics (morphine and its chemical and pharmacological analogues) are substances that mask the feeling and effect of pain. An unrealistic sense of security, thanks to masking the feeling of pain, increases the risk of serious injury during training or further competition.
– Anabolic substances (danazol, testosterone, stanozolol) are synthetic variations of the male hormone testosterone. Natural testosterone has anabolic (muscle building) and androgenic (male sexual signs) action. The misuse of these substances is mainly done by sports that require strength, power, such as sprinting, weightlifting, rugby, American football, etc.
– Side effects from the use of anabolic substances, depending on the group of users, may be:
* In men: acne, contracted testicles, decreased sperm production (impotence can also be cause), enlarged prostate gland, breast augmentation, etc.
* In women: the appearance of male sexual signs, abnormal menstrual cycles, deepening (thickening) of the voice, acne, the appearance and growth of hair on the face and body), etc.
In adolescents: acne on the face and body, premature cessation of bone growth.
– Growth hormone (somatothrop) affects metabolism, muscle building, bone growth, reduces fat mass. This hormone can be misused in all sports where endurance is required.
– Misuse of this hormone gives its negative effects such as. acromegaly (irregular growth of internal organs, bones, parts of the face, fingers, toes, ears and thickening of the skin).
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